The Detailed Summary of the second Chapter
The Second chapter of Bhagwad Geeta “Sankhya Yog”. In this chapter of the Geeta, Shri Krishna begins to treat Arjuna’s sadness and turmoil. Knowledge of Bhagwat Geeta by Shri Krishna starts with this chapter. According to Shri Krishnavik Yog, In this situation of turmoil, Arjun needs to recognize his ability of War again. So, This second chapter bears important knowledge.
This chapter consists of seventy seventy-two (72) verses.
Describing the Characteristics of Soul
Further More in this chapter, the body considered as perpetuate and the soul as continual. This highlights the immortality of our soul.
Describing the most popular verse
‘नैनं छिदन्ति शस्त्राणि’
Which teach us about the nature of the soul. So, in this chapter, we learn that our soul neither could be harmed by any weapon nor burnt by fire. Also, neither could be wet by water and it can not be dried by air. Thus, soul considered as indestructible, constant, present, immortal, non-transcendent. At the same time, self-awareness also described, as the most suitable welfare for mankind.
Describe The Authority of Karma
Another popular verse about Karma,
Which tells us about that, a human only authority to do karma. And, not to worry about results or achievements. In other words, we should perform good karmas with devoted efforts without expecting the results. So in this verse importance of untiring deeds of mankind has been told.
Furthermore, it describes two types of human intelligence. First is business intelligence considered as steady intelligence. On the contrary, the infinite (many) types of knowledge called volatile intellects. Which is never concentrated on one stuff.
Describe the Definition of Yoga
Right after this, the verses used in the form of the two most popular definitions of yoga.
‘समत्वं योग उच्यते’
Which means that yoga is to keep yourself the same in both stages either success or failure. You should not be irritated by failure or success should not bring arrogance. Stay calm and balanced in both situations.
‘योग: कर्मसु कौशलम्’
Which tells us that “Yoga” is to perform any act with proper sincerity, reverence, deep interest, proper caution and effort. That means to devote yourself mentally and physically completely with whole interest to perform work.
Describe the Traits of Mankind
After this, Krishna describes human traits (lust, desire, attachment, craving, anger, fear, and who preserves the senses and mind). He said that when the person is without rage and malice as well as by having his senses under his control. Then only, his mind feels pleased. In other words, The happiness of the mind brings steadfast in the wisdom of man. Thus, to keep the mind stable, the free state of mind considered as extremely useful.