The Second chapter of Bhagwad Geeta “Sankhya Yog”. In this chapter of the Geeta, Shri Krishna begins to treat Arjuna’s sadness and turmoil. Knowledge of Bhagwat Geeta by Shri Krishna starts with this chapter. According to Shri Krishnavik Yog, In this situation of turmoil, Arjun needs to recognize his ability of War again. So, This second chapter bears important knowledge.
This chapter consists of seventy seventy-two (72) verses.
Bhagwat Geeta preaching by Krishna to Arjuna
Describing the Characteristics of Soul
Further More in this chapter, the body considered as perpetuate and the soul as continual. This highlights the immortality of our soul.
Describing the most popular verse
Which teach us about the nature of the soul. So, in this chapter, we learn that our soul neither could be harmed by any weapon nor burnt by fire. Also, neither could be wet by water and it can not be dried by air. Thus, soul considered as indestructible, constant, present, immortal, non-transcendent. At the same time, self-awareness also described, as the most suitable welfare for mankind.
Which tells us about that, a human only authority to do karma. And, not to worry about results or achievements. In other words, we should perform good karmas with devoted efforts without expecting the results. So in this verse importance of untiring deeds of mankind has been told.
Furthermore, it describes two types of human intelligence. First is business intelligence considered as steady intelligence. On the contrary, the infinite (many) types of knowledge called volatile intellects. Which is never concentrated on one stuff.
Describe the Definition of Yoga
Right after this, the verses used in the form of the two most popular definitions of yoga.
Which means that yoga is to keep yourself the same in both stages either success or failure. You should not be irritated by failure or success should not bring arrogance. Stay calm and balanced in both situations.
Which tells us that “Yoga” is to perform any act with proper sincerity, reverence, deep interest, proper caution and effort. That means to devote yourself mentally and physically completely with whole interest to perform work.
Describe the Traits of Mankind
After this, Krishna describes human traits (lust, desire, attachment, craving, anger, fear, and who preserves the senses and mind). He said that when the person is without rage and malice as well as by having his senses under his control. Then only, his mind feels pleased. In other words, The happiness of the mind brings steadfast in the wisdom of man. Thus, to keep the mind stable, the free state of mind considered as extremely useful.
A brief introduction to the eighteen chapters of the Geeta.
In our Earlier Blog, we have discussed the Plot of Bhagwad Geeta. Now, in this Blog, we bring out the total Chapters of it. So, divided into eighteen chapters and all of them have various kind of complete knowledge of the Geeta. Different types of yoga have been discussed in different chapters. Once we know the names of all the chapters. After that, briefly describe the main topics of each chapter.
Names of Chapters in Sanskrit.
Ksetra Ksetrajna Vibhagayoga
Daivasura Sampad Vibhagayoga
18. Moksa Sanyasayoga
So, Each Chapter has its own Importance. Now, let’s know about each chapter separately and get to know the Bhagwad Geeta more Stepwise.
Geeta Preaching start from the first chapter Called Arjun-Vishad Yog.
Arjuna and Shri Krishna
As the name describes Arjun-Vishad, Vishad means the feeling of grief and sadness. So, the base of the first chapter, Arjun Sadness and confusion. The feeling of sorrow and disturbance in mind comes in his mind after watching his relatives on the battlefield. The attachments with those people from his Childhood. Now they Standing in Front of his to fight with him. No option for Arjun to omit this situation. These things giving him sadness and the ample number of questions in his Mind.
This is the only main reason behind this unique knowledge of the Geeta. Which, resulted in Yogiraj Srikrishna to preach the Geeta. If this turmoil does not arise within Arjuna on the battlefield. Then today we all are completely deprived of this knowledge of the Geeta.
The reason for this whole preaching of the Geeta is to be annoyed by Arjuna.
When Yogiraj Shrikrishna sees that Arjun’s who always love the war. But Today, on the battle of Mahabharata, his Gandiva (bow) fell down. And, discouraged Arjun sat in the chariot. In fact, for Krishna, it was a subject to worry about. Geeta is the result of Srikrishna’s contemplation.
Total Verses in the First Chapter
There are Total 47 Verses in Arjuna-Vishad Yoga. In these 47 verses, following topics described prominently. Very First verses of Geeta start from Dhritarashtra (Eldest Uncle of Arjun and Father of Duryodhana, Duryodhana and Arjuna on Battlefield Against Each other). In it, Dhritarashtra (he was Blind) asks Sanjay (Narrator of war and caretaker) “What, the Pandavas(Arjun and his brothers) and my sons doing in Kurukshetra”. In response to which, Sanjay begins to tell the scene of the battlefield. After this, he described the names of the conch shells played by the commanders of the Kauravas, Bhishma Pitama. As well as, Sri Krishna and Pandavas. Then when Arjun says to Krishna, O Krishna! Take my chariot between the two armies. I want to see which warriors have come to fight against us in this war. As soon as Arjun’s chariot reaches the middle of the two armies, Arjun sees his own self standing against him. So, In this situation of illusion and depression, Arjun argues with Krishna. That, he not going to Fight this war. He states that this war will result in fierce consequences. furthermore, it Results in Family destruction, orphan kids, widows all around.
Shrimadbhagwad Geeta is not only the Indian but also the most read religious texts in the world. Translated into almost all languages of the world. In Geeta, there is a wonderful combination of all types of Yoga. Besides to Gyan Yog, Bhaktiyog, Karmayog and Rajyog. Bhagwat Geeta also describes the Sanyasa Yoga, Sankhya Yoga, Shradhayraya Yoga and salvation.
Shri Krishan and Arjuna
Chapters and Verses
Containing the total eighteen chapters, And the total seven hundred verses. These seven hundred verses of the Geeta have been spoken and heard by four persons. Of which King Dhritarashtra only spoke one verse. After this, Sanjay has spoken a total of forty-two (42) verses. Arjuna has spoken the total Eighty-four(84) verses. And, the remaining five hundred seventy-three (573) verses spoken by Yogi Sri Krishna. The highest stanza in the Geeta called Yogiraj Srikrishna.
Importance of Bhagwad Geeta
Knowledge of Geeta tells us how to live life in the right way. The biggest challenge we face today, our physical and mental capabilities. That means, how do we treat our emotions in favourable and adverse conditions. When there is compatibility, there is a sense of arrogance in the person. And, when there is adversity, the situation of stress arises. Both of these conditions are fatal or harmful to us.
Now the question arises, what kind of behaviour should we have in favourable as well as unfavourable conditions? So we could save yourself from vanity and stress. With the unique knowledge of the Gita, we get a very accurate answer to this question.
Preaching of Geeta to Arjuna given by Shri Krishna. About five thousand years (5000) from today, on the battlefield of “Mahabharata” Kurukshetra. Kurukshetra Located in the eastern Haryana, in India. The Gita is part of the Bhishma festival of Mahabharata. The description of the Geeta begins from the twenty-fifth (25) of Bhishma festival of Mahabharata up to chapters forty-two (42). Hence, Bhagwat Geeta considered as part of Bhishma festival. Geeta is also considered to be a part of the ‘3 Paths’ (PrasthanTrayi). Here path considered as our path of life to Salvation. Hence, the use of the word path means to follow certain guidelines to achieve the ultimate goal or purpose of life. And the word “Trayi” means three. These 3 Paths are Upanishad, Geeta and Vedanta philosophy. Thus, the path of Salvation is learning and adopting these 3 ways in life.
Bhagwat Geeta preaching by Krishna to Arjuna
Things Related to the Origin of Bhagwad Geeta
There is always some reason for every work. The origin of any work cannot arise without purpose. Same way, there were many reasons behind the war of Mahabharata. Now the most important question arises that what was the reason behind Geeta’s Preachings. On a battlefield like Mahabharata. According to many scholars and teachers, there can be different reasons.
The Arjuna who was born in a Kshatriya family. Also, grew up in the Kshatriya environment. Whose entire education based on the Kshatriya style. And, who won all those battles that he fought before Mahabharata. Now, he becomes very thoughtful and fearful. What kind of conflicts were there in Arjuna Mins during Mahabharata. That his “Gandiva” (Name of Arjuna Bow) fall from his hands on the battlefield?
Why the Preaching of Geeta Needed
These conflict in the Arjuna mind called ‘Raga’. Raga addressed in the Geeta as a spell. When Arjuna says to Krishna, O Krishna! You take my chariot between the two armies. I want to see which are the great people who have come here for war purpose? After this, Sri Krishna raises the chariot in the middle of both the armies. As soon as Arjun sees all his acquaintances. He saw his grandfather, Guru Dronacharya, maternal uncle, cousins other relatives. Standing in front of him as warriors to fight against him. He had attachments towards them. Because they used to be part of his entire life. So, Arjuna lost into the situation and remembers all those old incidents in which he used to spend time with them all. Whether it is Bhishma’s grandfather, Guru Dronacharya or other relatives.
The people, the substance or time, that make us feel the pleasure of being a kid, student or pleasure of a human being. The strong desire to feel and remember those moments and memories called “Raga”.
The same happened with Arjun here. He remembers all the pleasures or pleasures spent with his grandfathers, gurus, brothers and relatives, and he did not want to lose them at all by placing them on the battlefield. So, he was scared of this situation and had questions in mind. Sri Krishna told him about the immortality of the soul and the mortality of the body. Then explain the inevitability of the action originated by nature. As soon as he got answers to his conflicts in mind and he is ready for war.
Overall, Geeta is Based upon those Questions of Arjuna and Answers by Shri Krishna.