Introduction to Bhagwat Geeta
Shrimadbhagwad Geeta is not only the Indian but also the most read religious texts in the world. Translated into almost all languages of the world. In Geeta, there is a wonderful combination of all types of Yoga. Besides to Gyan Yog, Bhaktiyog, Karmayog and Rajyog. Bhagwat Geeta also describes the Sanyasa Yoga, Sankhya Yoga, Shradhayraya Yoga and salvation.
Chapters and Verses
Containing the total eighteen chapters, And the total seven hundred verses. These seven hundred verses of the Geeta have been spoken and heard by four persons. Of which King Dhritarashtra only spoke one verse. After this, Sanjay has spoken a total of forty-two (42) verses. Arjuna has spoken the total Eighty-four(84) verses. And, the remaining five hundred seventy-three (573) verses spoken by Yogi Sri Krishna. The highest stanza in the Geeta called Yogiraj Srikrishna.
Importance of Bhagwad Geeta
Knowledge of Geeta tells us how to live life in the right way. The biggest challenge we face today, our physical and mental capabilities. That means, how do we treat our emotions in favourable and adverse conditions. When there is compatibility, there is a sense of arrogance in the person. And, when there is adversity, the situation of stress arises. Both of these conditions are fatal or harmful to us.
Now the question arises, what kind of behaviour should we have in favourable as well as unfavourable conditions? So we could save yourself from vanity and stress. With the unique knowledge of the Gita, we get a very accurate answer to this question.
Preaching of Geeta to Arjuna given by Shri Krishna. About five thousand years (5000) from today, on the battlefield of “Mahabharata” Kurukshetra. Kurukshetra Located in the eastern Haryana, in India. The Gita is part of the Bhishma festival of Mahabharata. The description of the Geeta begins from the twenty-fifth (25) of Bhishma festival of Mahabharata up to chapters forty-two (42). Hence, Bhagwat Geeta considered as part of Bhishma festival. Geeta is also considered to be a part of the ‘3 Paths’ (PrasthanTrayi). Here path considered as our path of life to Salvation. Hence, the use of the word path means to follow certain guidelines to achieve the ultimate goal or purpose of life. And the word “Trayi” means three. These 3 Paths are Upanishad, Geeta and Vedanta philosophy. Thus, the path of Salvation is learning and adopting these 3 ways in life.
Things Related to the Origin of Bhagwad Geeta
There is always some reason for every work. The origin of any work cannot arise without purpose. Same way, there were many reasons behind the war of Mahabharata. Now the most important question arises that what was the reason behind Geeta’s Preachings. On a battlefield like Mahabharata. According to many scholars and teachers, there can be different reasons.
The Arjuna who was born in a Kshatriya family. Also, grew up in the Kshatriya environment. Whose entire education based on the Kshatriya style. And, who won all those battles that he fought before Mahabharata. Now, he becomes very thoughtful and fearful. What kind of conflicts were there in Arjuna Mins during Mahabharata. That his “Gandiva” (Name of Arjuna Bow) fall from his hands on the battlefield?
Why the Preaching of Geeta Needed
These conflict in the Arjuna mind called ‘Raga’. Raga addressed in the Geeta as a spell. When Arjuna says to Krishna, O Krishna! You take my chariot between the two armies. I want to see which are the great people who have come here for war purpose? After this, Sri Krishna raises the chariot in the middle of both the armies. As soon as Arjun sees all his acquaintances. He saw his grandfather, Guru Dronacharya, maternal uncle, cousins other relatives. Standing in front of him as warriors to fight against him. He had attachments towards them. Because they used to be part of his entire life. So, Arjuna lost into the situation and remembers all those old incidents in which he used to spend time with them all. Whether it is Bhishma’s grandfather, Guru Dronacharya or other relatives.
The people, the substance or time, that make us feel the pleasure of being a kid, student or pleasure of a human being. The strong desire to feel and remember those moments and memories called “Raga”.
The same happened with Arjun here. He remembers all the pleasures or pleasures spent with his grandfathers, gurus, brothers and relatives, and he did not want to lose them at all by placing them on the battlefield. So, he was scared of this situation and had questions in mind. Sri Krishna told him about the immortality of the soul and the mortality of the body. Then explain the inevitability of the action originated by nature. As soon as he got answers to his conflicts in mind and he is ready for war.
Overall, Geeta is Based upon those Questions of Arjuna and Answers by Shri Krishna.